The National Science Foundation last week released its annual report on the top universities in total research and development expenditures.
Johns Hopkins University led with $2,305,679,000 in spending in 2015, but Hopkins always leads this ranking because the university's total includes expenditures by the Applied Physics Laboratory, the largest of the country's affiliated research centers that conduct research to support national security.
This year, 12 universities in the top 25 went up at least one spot, with Cornell University and the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center each going up two spots, Cornell from 14 to 12, and the M.D. Anderson Center from 21 to 19.